Enforcing Environmental Laws and the Public Interest Principle


  • Tera Lesmana Sanskara Karya Internasional




Indonesia, archipelagic state, maritime boundary determination


This abstract delves into Indonesia's identity as an archipelagic state with a majority of its territory encompassed by the sea. The concept of being an archipelago was first formalized through the Djuanda Declaration, revolutionizing maritime boundary determination. The establishment of the archipelagic baseline, composed of basepoints on outer islands and features, is pivotal in defining the nation's territory. As a custodian of its environment, Indonesia's government undertakes a comprehensive role in environmental stewardship, intertwining sustainable development with ecological preservation. Beyond regulation, the government orchestrates resource management, conservation, and restoration, shaping a harmonious relationship between human advancement and ecosystems. This responsibility, grounded in law, underscores the government's commitment to synergizing diverse interests with long-term environmental health. The centrality of the public interest principle in environmental law enforcement cannot be understated. Its application is paramount in preventing ecological harm and pollution resulting from business activities, fostering sustainable utilization of resources, and guiding equitable resolution of environmental disputes. By encouraging environmentally responsible practices among businesses, minimizing negative environmental impacts, and harmonizing ecological considerations with economic and social dimensions, this principle serves as a crucial tool for safeguarding both communities and the environment.


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How to Cite

Lesmana, T. (2023). Enforcing Environmental Laws and the Public Interest Principle. Eastasouth Proceeding of Interdisciplinary Research, 1(01), 01–10. https://doi.org/10.58812/asir.v1i01.21